Time of issue:2019-10-22 00:00:00
What is the difference between spices and fragrances?
The use of spices and fragrances is welcomed by users of different flavors and products, which is closely related to the aroma of the product. Its development has not only promoted the development of synthetic spices and natural spices, but also promoted the development of all flavoring products industries. Of course, the development of new varieties of synthetic spices and natural spices has also promoted the design of new flavor types, and the development of flavoring products industry has provided a broader market for flavor. In essence, essence is the spice industry leader.
1. flavor composition
Flavors are made up of at least several flavoring materials, or even dozens of natural and synthetic fragrances, or organic compounds.
The dispensing of flavors can be made up as follows: (1) the fragrance base - the main body showing the flavor characteristics; (2) the flavoring agent - the ingredients to blend the aroma of various components; (3) the modifier - the ingredients that make flavors change; 4. The definite flavor type itself is not easy to volatilize, and can inhibit the volatilization of other volatile spices, and slow down its volatilization. ⑤ Diluent -- appropriately dilute the fragrance and dissolve and dilute the crystalline perfume and resinous balm. It should be odorless, stable, safe and cheap.
The key to play a good role in flavoring products is the regulation of volatilization, and how to achieve the balance and coordination between head aroma, body fragrance and bottom fragrance. Head volatiles, which are highly volatile, are important factors that determine the "image" and "freshness" of flavor. Body fragrance - the essence flavour is given to the essence, and the volatile flavor is moderate. It is also the main flavor of the essence. The bottom aroma is small, and its molecular structure is relatively large and complex, which makes the fragrance retain its fragrance for a long time.
3. flavor type -- flavor type
A certain type of fragrance is called aroma. The general classification is as follows:
(1) Natural flavor
① Flower fragrance: young people like to keep their youth, with single flower fragrance and compound flower fragrance;
② Fruit fragrance: middle aged people like light and unique, giving people honest and credible effect;
③ Muxiang: cool, elegant, quiet and steady;
④ Grass fragrance: delicate fragrance, fresh fragrance with green flavor.
(2) Synthetic fragrance
① Aldehydes: such as sweet flowers, fruits, forests, etc., heavy flavor, rich in change, convey the beautiful dream of women;
② International fragrance, also known as animal flavoring, has strong diffusivity and lasting aroma.
a. Flying butterfly: insects and plants mix together to create the artistic conception of nature.
b. Fantasy: imaginative, three-dimensional, relaxed and happy. C.
Flower type: it can be divided into Oriental, gentle and mysterious oriental type, and western type, which is like coming to the flowers in spring, mainly composed of Cymbidium and carnation.
The application of spices in food industry: give fragrance to non aromatic food raw materials, correct the bad smell in food, also can supplement the lack of original aroma in food, stabilize and assist the inherent aroma in food. Edible flavors and fragrances are widely used. The application of cold drinks accounts for 51% of the total amount of flavors and fragrances, and the application of candy is about 25%. About 17% of condiments are applied, and 7% of other applications, such as flavors prepared by microencapsulation, are stable and volatile.
Application in tobacco and wine industry: according to the type, style and taste characteristics of tobacco and wine products and their respective defects, flavors can be selected according to local conditions to improve the taste and aftertaste of tobacco and wine gas, reduce irritation, soften and delicate tobacco and wine gas, increase flavor, cover up miscellaneous gas, and improve the physical properties of cut tobacco, such as moisture retention, flammability, etc.
Application in the daily chemical industry: spices are often used in the daily chemical industry to make perfume, cosmetics, soap, shampoo, detergent, toothpaste, washing powder, cream and so on.
Applications in the medical and health industry: spices added to drugs have therapeutic effect. For example, as the main component of aromatherapy, the aroma of fragrance can directly affect the function of viscera, change the running state of Qi and blood, and achieve the purpose of disease prevention, health care and spiritual stimulation. In addition, it can also be used for sterilization, insect prevention, antisepsis, deodorization, etc.
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